Cocoa and Cassava production in Nigeria

The following infographics are from Gro Intelligence. The founder’s presentation here about making food more affordable is as informative as the infographics below: helping those who care have clearer pictures of the state of our agricultural products in Nigeria.



Going by the data here, I doubt Nigeria farmers are any better off than Cote d’Ivoire in terms of price paid for their cocoa seeds. In our villages today where cocoa seeds are grown and harvested, hot chocolate (Bournvita/Milo) isn’t regular drinks for many folks, this is hardly surprising given they receive 6% of the price paid for chocolate.

Interesting is the fact that in spite of the increase in demand for cocoa seeds, the price paid to the farmers has significantly gone down compared to the 1980s – I can see why so many people are complaining, I actually didn’t know it has gone this bad.

There are too many middlemen with cocoa trading in Nigeria, farmers are always the one bearing the brunt as most rely on produce buyer to give them the best price. These buyers often have to pass through two or three people before cocoa seeds get out of the country.


This is just unbelievable about cassava. In south of Nigeria, cassava is our thing and one of the easiest root vegetables to grow. Now, it makes more sense, when I came across hectares of cassava plants in Thailand few years ago, I wondered if they too consumed cassava as much as we do but I know better.

To increase cassava processing, we’d undoubtedly require stable electricity, area we still shy away from but must be developed if we are to move forward.

But for how long can we rely on others to supply basics we could have easily produced ourselves?



My favourite infographic – inspiring to read that Ghana is taking a lead in land registration. In Nigeria, this is a hot debate. How can we ever move past ‘dark’ age when most rural land is undocumented?

Thank you Ms Menker for sharing these infographics.

13 thoughts on “Cocoa and Cassava production in Nigeria

  1. Thank you for this insight.
    A few points come to mind.
    1) Given that Nigeria has oil as an ‘get out of jail card’ and has refused to use it wisely, hence we are more prisoners than we have ever been. Oil revenues should have been used carefully to fully develop the agricultural sector. This is really a big shame on Nigeria. People can’t plead poor revenues for agricultural products, when billions of dollars are ‘lost’ from the petroleum sector.
    2) The info graphics are so clear and straightforward. $42 million wasted on the importation of starch. Many sensible nations don’t mess with food security. It seems this concept is lost on Nigeria’s leaders.
    3) Ghana really is a ‘trail blazer’, see what they are doing by getting their act together on land registration and the benefits go to the farmers. I’m only aware of Cross River State in Nigeria and possibly Lagos taking land registration seriously, the rest are just jokers, wasting people’s time and money.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. See that $42M on starch tells a very sad tale. When I was teenager, whenever I hear about government assisting farmers with fertilisers I knew it was a big lie as it never gets to anyone in my village… the result is all out for us to see now.

      Ghana is doing well in my book and learning about this land registration is another plus. On Lagos, yes they are doing well regarding land registration but it is always messy especially during the construction.
      Here is a an interesting story about buying land in Lagos:


      1. Thank you for sharing the account of land purchase in Lagos state. (Nigeria’s state of excellence). What a trial the fellow went through, lots of traps along the way and dubious people, and to top it all he had to pay a substantial amount to the local thugs (Omo Onile) – that is plain criminality, yet no one questions this.
        I compare this to when I bought a house in Australia, no thugs were involved it was a straight forward matter.
        I now relate this to why people are reluctant to do business in Nigeria, despite all the hype, the nature of business there is not transparent and is very slow and fraught with freeloaders trying to get a piece of the pie, when they have no right. Why go through all this, when you can do a deal more easily elsewhere in the world with less hassle?
        I can only hope that government telling lies about assisting farmers has come to an end, and that proper assistance is rendered to them. People can’t cheat one another and be surprised when we are fooling no one, not even ourselves.

        Liked by 1 person

        1. That was a success story, the fellow is well informed. Notice that he is still expected to get another paperwork from Abuja… I don’t understand all this complexity.

          Like you, I find the big job of buying my property is the search for the right neighbourhood/price and all, the actual exchange was easy, I was even out of the country when the exchange took place, estate agent did the job they were paid for.

          On farmers, I heard my state is governor is given some insect resistant cocoa beans on affordable loan to people, that is a good start I think but a lot more must be done to increase our agric product outputs.


          1. Re housing or business transactions, you commented that in the UK once you have secured a house, the process takes care of itself. So why must criminal elements be allowed to barge their way in where they are not wanted and use the threat of violence to get what they want? Why are the police so lame? Why do people tolerate this state of affairs? Is this what business in Nigeria is all about, freeloading off someone else’s effort. Whatever happened to ethical conduct? You wouldn’t tolerate this behaviour in England, but in Nigeria it’s ok. This odd double standard puzzles me, why not insist on things being done correctly, ie by the book? Is criminality inherent in the Nigerian character?
            As regards governore Aregbesola and the cocoa farmers of his state, what you said is correct, it is a step, but we need many more steps aimed at achieving a significant goal. Previous attempts have been characterised by isolated gestures that in the long run never really amounted to anything. The farmers in France are very militant in pressing their demands, I’m not saying that Nigeria’s farmers should follow suit, but leaders have to be held to account. Processes must be put in place to get the desired results ie self-suffiency in food production, not wasing scarce resources on what can be produced entirely ‘within house’.

            Liked by 1 person

            1. Good questions all round jco. I think this is the mindset we all need to have to move the country forward.
              If you follow some of our people talking, usually people think one is asking for extra when you demand things be done properly, this especially when one lives outside of the country.

              As an example, just a few months ago a brother (not blood related) whom I grew up with asked if I wanted to buy land as investment, I told him I have no interest. Out of curiosity I asked where the land was. He had forgotten that I knew the owner of this land growing up, although brother’s family has been cultivating on the land for more than twenty years. The owners were out of town and were just happy to let people plant on it, it is about 2 hectares. Town is spreading fast to the area and the shameless guy wanted to sell the land – whoever buys that land is in ‘hot soup’ in future as eventually the owners will show up if any construction is erected.

              When I reminded him what I knew of the land, the breathing on the other end signalled his regret for asking me as he knew his secret is no longer safe.

              That is our tale.

              To answer your question, No, it is not okay to extort money from people over land, unfortunately it happens and likely to continue on bigger scale unless land registration process is simpler and mandatory.

              On police, they are not there to protect anyone, if anything happens, one has to pay up to get attention, so for the most part even if one feels cheated on a deal, most people likely to rub it in if one can not pay police officers.

              Holding public leaders to account is something Nigerians don’t do well, public officers are milking peoples’ lack of unity on important issues. W’ll learn, eventually.


              1. Thanks FK, the example you gave shows how widespread the practice of dishonesty is in Nigeria, I’m sure your ‘brother’ (I know you only have sisters) will say ‘he’s a good Christian or Muslim’, but how does he square that with this shady conduct?

                Re Public accountability, let us hope people learn before it is too late!!!

                On both issues, thank you for answering the questions.

                Liked by 1 person

  2. NIGERIA is A perfect Example of corruption ,formed without consultation from an AMALGAM……FREED FROM SLAVE TRADE TO SLAVERY …..SLAVE TRADE, Then Entrapped with Colonialism, firmed up by Neo- Colonialism and Growing under HAUSA / FULANI HEDONISM, Poluted with the greedy and selfishness of the IBO OR IGBO’s Faking and Corruption Perfection Tendency, Ballanced by the YORUBA’s Hypocrisy of the YORUBA RONU MIASMA ,FLOWING AIMLESSLY IN THE RIVERS OF A DISHONEST WORLD!!!!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Hmnn. It seems corruption isn’t our only problem if we were to look closely and neither is colonisation.
      Today, bad people exists in all of our regions so much so it’s hard for one to take side based on tribe.

      Funny, you mentioned ‘dishonesty’ and yet we are one of the most religious nations on earth, well the ones who has it stamped on our foreheads. Olorun kuu aibinu.


        SHORTLY AFTER INDEPENDENCE IS A PROGRAMMED CORRUPTION.!!! Then How can a Product of Corroption Cure Corruption ?

        Liked by 1 person

        1. I agree with you that products of corruption have no guts to cure it however, maybe people would realise they have got power to do something about it.

          We can’t watch them forever, the more we conceal their evil doing, the worse it gets – something has to give, eventually.


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